0 votes
in Science by (28.5k points)
(a) Sagar saw a beautiful rose and smelled it. As he was smelling it, he happened to touch a thorn and pull his hand away. State TWO differences and similarities each in the way the nervous system performs the two actions.

(b) Are all involuntary actions reflex actions? Justify.

1 Answer

0 votes
by (227k points)
Best answer

(a) Similarities

In both cases, the signal is initiated by receptors located at the specific sense organ. 

In both cases, neurotransmitters are released and accepted by neurons to carry the impulse. 


The action of smelling the rose is voluntary whereas pulling the hand away is involuntary in nature. 

While smelling the rose, the nerve impulse reaches the brain and back whereas on touching a thorn the nerve impulse travels only to the spinal cord and back.

(b) No, Involuntary actions occur with or without a stimulus whereas reflex actions always need a stimulus.