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Explain the effectiveness of the Panchayat system during the Mughal era and how it contributed to governance and administration during that time.

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- Local Governance: Panchayats were self-governing bodies at the village level and played a pivotal role in local governance during the Mughal era. They were responsible for maintaining law and order, resolving disputes, and overseeing various aspects of village administration. 

- Revenue Collection: Panchayats were entrusted with the collection of land revenue and other taxes on behalf of the Mughal government. They assessed and levied taxes on agricultural land, supervised revenue collection, and ensured the timely payment of dues. 

- Conflict Resolution and Mediation: Panchayats acted as mediators and arbitrators in resolving disputes and conflicts within the village. Their role was to promote harmony, reconcile differences, and ensure peaceful coexistence among community members. 

- Participatory Democracy: Panchayats embodied the principles of participatory democracy by involving villagers in decision-making processes. They provided a platform for individuals from different social backgrounds to contribute to the governance of their village.